Defense Cooperation Agreement Bahrain

With the help of the United States and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Bahrain has made considerable efforts over the past two decades to modernize its defence systems and modernize its armed forces. In 1982, the GCC gave Bahrain $1.7 billion for this purpose. Since the 1991 Gulf War, the United States has provided Bahrain with military and defence assistance and training for Foreign Military Sales (FMS), commercial sources, sales of surplus defence items (EDAs) and the International Military and Education Training (IMET) program. The U.S. Office of Military Cooperation in Bahrain is affiliated with the U.S. Embassy and leads the security assistance mission. The U.S. military`s turnover in Bahrain since 2000 totals $608.9 million. Major U.S. military systems acquired by BDF include eight Apache helicopters, 54 M60A3 tanks, 22 F-16C/D aircraft, 20 Cobra helicopters, 20 M109A5 Haubitzen, 1 AD Avenger System and the TPS-59 radar system. Bahrain has received a US acquisition value of $410 million used since the start of the Bahraini program in 1993. The security priority of the Bahraini leadership is missile defence.

On 26 March 2008, King Hamad told The Secretary Gates that Bahrain had considered the need for several complete patriotic batteries for the island. He said he hoped the United States would provide one, while Bahrain would buy or lease other people (whereas this would be an itinerary for Bahrain`s budget). In May 2008, a patriotic firing unit was temporarily sent to Bahrain as part of the GCC`s annual military exercise, Eagle Resolve, and most of its equipment remained there. The OSD has considered a number of options to provide a longer-term solution, including the reintroduction of patriotic units currently stationed elsewhere in the region, as well as the regular use of AEGIS cruisers equipped with SM-2 and SM-3. FOREIGN RELATIONSSince 1971, Bahrain has pursued a policy of close consultation with neighbouring countries. Bahrain became a member of the United Nations and the Arab League in 1971. In 1981, it joined its five neighbours – Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, the United States and Qatar – to form the Gulf Strategic Cooperation Council (GCC). Bahrain has respected the GCC`s efforts to coordinate economic development and defence and security planning. In December 1994, for example, Bahrain accepted the GCC`s decision to abandon Israel`s secondary and tertiary boycott.