Tariff Agreement With German States

Chinese trade practices have also been identified as a major problem in Brussels. “They want to sell their steel, no matter where,” says one insider. “They are now seen differently, and there is a consensus that we need to protect ourselves, because the Chinese do not respect the common rules.” TiSA (= Trade in Services Agreement) is being developed as a plurilateral agreement on trade in services. Above all, it is a question of improving market access for foreign services and giving new impetus to the impasse in which negotiations on a multilateral trading system are largely blocked. The EU and the Federal Government believe that the new rules to facilitate trade in services should be adopted at a later stage at WTO level. The EU negotiates TiSA with 23 WTO member countries, which account for about 70% of global trade in services. Since the initial preferences granted by the EU to the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group of states were only allowed under a temporary waiver granted by the WTO until 2007, the EU concluded interim bilateral trade agreements with these countries. The aim is to transform these interim agreements into broader regional agreements covering as far as possible all the countries of a given region. Following the conclusion of the agreement with CARIFORUM, negotiations were concluded with West, East and Southern Africa. The Trade Barriers Regulation gives companies the right to ask the Commission to investigate a trade barrier, without the permission of their association or a ministry. If the request is accepted, an investigation is opened.

As part of this investigation, the Commission is trying to determine whether the barrier challenged by the company actually exists and whether it has a negative effect or impact on a particular sector in the EU. If the complaint is confirmed and it is not possible to reach an amicable settlement, the EU may decide to initiate a formal dispute settlement procedure under an international agreement with the trading partner. Plurilateral agreements have existed for some time. With the conclusion of the Uruguay Round in 1995, WTO members adopted an Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) and the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) – another plurilateral agreement within the WTO – entered into force in 1997. The EU has signed both agreements. The WTO is currently negotiating a plurilateral Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) in which the EU will also participate. . . .