Trade Agreements Of Russia

3. Neither Party may invite or encourage Soviet organizations or enterprises or U.S. citizens to participate in exchange or counter-transaction operations. However, where nationals, undertakings or organisations decide to use counterparties, the Parties shall encourage them to provide each other with all the information necessary to facilitate the transaction. In view of the favourable effects of economic restructuring and the development of a market economy in the USSR on the expansion of trade, 4. Each Party shall encourage and facilitate the organisation of promotional events such as fairs, exhibitions, missions and seminars in its territory and in the territory of the other Party. Likewise, each Party shall encourage and facilitate the participation of its respective nationals, enterprises and organizations in such events. Subject to the laws in force in their respective territories, the Contracting Parties agree to authorize customs and re-export of all goods intended for use in such events, provided that such goods are not sold or otherwise transferred. 2. Each Party shall provide nationals, enterprises and organizations of the other Party with access to available non-confidential and unprotected data on the national economy and the various sectors, including information relating to foreign trade. Since 2012, when Russia joined the WTO, trade relations between the EU and Russia have also been governed by multilateral WTO rules.

1. Nationals, companies and organizations of one Party shall be accorded national treatment with respect to access to all courts and administrative bodies in the territory of the other Party as applicants, defendants or otherwise. They may not claim or enjoy, in the territory of the other Party, immunity from recourse or enforcement, from procedures for the recognition and enforcement of arbitrations or from other liabilities in the territory of the other Party with respect to commercial transactions; nor may they claim or benefit from any commercial transaction tax, unless this is provided for in other bilateral agreements. . . .